First off, let me explain the concept of Photowalking. Photowalking is simply the act of walking with a camera for the main purpose of taking pictures of things you may find interesting. Photographers have been doing that for years. So why coin a new term? Well, why not?
Since photowalking can really be an event at any level of attendance and participation, I’d like to focus on a slightly more organized photowalk. One that brings in at least a few people who’ve never met before. Now, I’ve already done an article about getting a photowalking group together in your area. So, I won’t focus on those important steps here.
What I will focus on, is 10 great tips to help you get started. Then, when you’ve really been bit by the bug, come on over to Photowalking.org for more direction. Now let’s get started.
I wanted to write a tutorial on how I post-process images and show you this method to turn them into black and white. This is just one of many methods. The software I use is Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop. As you can see, the original image is rather boring and flat, with a grey sky and not a lot of contrast.
Original image. Boring and flat, with a grey sky and a lack of contrast.
Want to learn how to use the Wacom drawing tablet to paint on the computer? This April and May we are offering
Photoshop 103 – Digital Painting
. You will learn how the brush tool works, how to create your own brushes, how to upload free brushes, and how to use the Wacom drawing tablets. Use these skills for digital illustration, to create dynamic photos, and for scrapbooks.
A good crop in Photoshop can go a long way to improve the composition of a photo. Selectively discarding pixels can really help focus the viewer’s attention and tell a story. But what if you change your mind?
If you crop correctly, you can bring those pixels back.
Select the Crop tool (C).
Choose a Crop preset.
Drag in the canvas to crop the image to a desired shape or resolution.
Make sure the box next to Delete Cropped Pixels in the Options bar is unchecked.
Press Return or Enter.
Because the cropped pixels were hidden (instead of deleted), details were preserved outside the cropped area. This allows for the image to be restored.
You can choose Image > Reveal All to restore all hidden pixels after a crop.
Simply select the crop tool and drag in the Canvas. The previous pixels are available to you.
Taking good photos with a smartphone is, at heart, pretty much the same as taking good photos with anything — it’s not a simple art. But that said, smartphones, with their touch interfaces and tiny little sensors have some particular quirks it’s worth paying attention to.
Every Picture Tells a Story
Touch to Focus AND Meter
Metering is the way in which the camera decides how much light to let into the camera. On a fancy-ass DSLR, this is set in a number of exciting ways; on a smartphone, generally, the thing you tap on to focus is what the phone meters off of.
Despite the fact that it’s therefore ridiculously easy to get the metering more or less right, I’ve still seen almost literally hundreds of photos where someone’s face is pitch-black, but the tiny pinprick of light they’re posing next to comes out perfectly.
Clean Your Lens
Because, duh. Smartphone lens covers tend to be made of sapphire crystal, which is both very tough and very expensive — meaning, it won’t get scratched easily at all, and a quick polish-up with a microfibre cloth and some Windex will have it clear in no time. No-one likes selfies with a greasy fingerprint superimposed on top.
Be Intelligent With The Light
The biggest drawback of any smartphone camera is that itsy-bitsy sensor. The bigger the sensor, the more light is easily gathered, and the better your low-light photos will probably look. Smartphone sensors are tiny, so they’re terrible in low light, often producing blurry and noisy images.
Use of Tripod & proper adjustment of Exposure/Shutter speeds, can get you Amazing results.
Simple solutions include: balance your phone on something stable to reduce the blur that comes with a long exposure; turn on the actual lights; maybe use your flash; or orient people more intelligently towards the light (so the light is coming from behind you, illuminating the thing you want to snap a piccie of).
Don’t Be Afraid of HDR
HDR is high dynamic range imaging. Basically, it’s a software way of compensating for the fact that there are both bright and dark things in a photo: rather than taking just one photo, at one exposure, the camera takes three exposures in quick succession, then takes the best bits from all three and stitches them together.
There are many HDR apps available for your smartphone
Pro photographers often hate on HDR, for the ‘unreal’ images they produce. That’s no reason not to use it, though — for any kind of static image that incorporates both bright and dark stuff (say, your friend standing in front of a nighttime skyline), HDR is a godsend.
The only time not to use HDR is when your subject is moving. In that instance, because of the three different photos being stitched together, you’ll get horrible motion blur.
Use Flash Sparingly
Even on the iPhone 5S, with it’s lah-di-dah highfalutin two-system flash, camera flashes are pretty terrible. They don’t illuminate much, they’re harsh, and wash out almost everything in existence. There are cases where the flash is maybe worthwhile, like in a club (but hey, you’re not exactly going to be taking good photos there anyway!), but in general, better photos can be achieved by turning the flash off, and trying to improve the light without resorting to that yucky LED on the back.
Use The Hardware Button
This sounds like a minor change — and honestly, it is — but it can make an unwarrantably large difference. Most phones allow you to use one of the hardware buttons — normally, volume up or down — as the shutter release. Make use of it. Once you’ve got the shot all set up and ready to go, one of the biggest helps you can give your phone is to keep deathly still while you’re taking the actual photos. Moving your index finger down to tap the shutter release is a much bigger movement than just pressing the shutter release, and can often contribute to the blur that curses much smartphone photography. Pressing one little button is a far smaller movement, and more controllable.
“O2 Guru TV” paid a visit to Lomokev in Brighton, who took them on a photographic tour of his many film cameras, and favourite haunts in the seaside town. Watch the video below.